Daniel Tosh is a stand-up comedian and television host. I doubt many people would describe him as particularly socially-conscious in either of those roles. His show, Tosh.0, is a hybrid of stand-up, sketch comedy, and internet video commentary and includes potentially offensive material in bits such as “Is It Racist?” and “Rico’s Black Clip of the Week.” I think that Daniel Tosh, and Tosh.0 in particular, is a prime example of postmodern entertainment that pushes the boundaries of social issues in a way that results in elevated discourse rather than crass exploitation.
Tosh.0 is Postmodern
The television show is nowhere near original. Despite my description above, it is inherently a clip show. Its reliance on home videos posted on the internet make it the America’s Funniest Home Videos of the 21st Century. The format of a host in front of a green screen commenting on clips owes its existence to Talk Soup (later re-named The Soup), originally hosted by Greg Kinnear.
Of course, something doesn’t have to be original to be entertaining. Tosh’s style in delivery and class clown grin make the show engaging and somehow personal, and the adult content of both the videos and the commentary give the show a bite not found in either television predecessor. The show plays like a highlight reel of internet comment posts, weeding out the merely shocking, racist, or pithy and showcasing the truly snarky and hilariously cynical.
The unoriginality of the show seems to categorize it as mere pastiche, but Tosh.0 is unabashedly self-aware. From the inclusion of the writing and production crew in sketches to the mockingly prophetic sign-offs before the final commercial break of each episode (Tosh signs off with a reference to a cancelled Comedy Central show: “We’ll be right back with more Sarah Silverman Program!”), Tosh highlights not only the mechanisms of the show’s production, but also the reality that the lifespan of the show itself is limited. The sign-off was perhaps more prescient in the early days of the show. As with many Comedy Central shows, its low production costs come with low expectations from the network—cancellation of a Comedy Central show is a foregone conclusion. That is, of course, until it catches fire like South Park did, or Chappelle’s Show, or even The Daily Show.
Tosh has also made reference to his predecessors on air. “Hey, I heard there’s some show called The Soup that totally ripped off our format! The idea for this show came to me in a dream! With Greg Kinnear, except it really wasn’t Greg Kinnear…” In this season’s Web Redemption of a horrible sketch comedy trio, Tosh led the segment saying, “Hey, sketch comedy is hard. If someone brilliant like Dave Chappelle can go crazy doing it, what makes you think you’ll be any good?”
Tosh.0 is Socially Conscious
The fraternity with Chappelle is based on more than that of hosting popular Comedy Central programs. Richard Pryor paved the way for Dave Chappelle, and Dave Chappelle paved the way for Daniel Tosh.
Chappelle is credited for approaching issues of race in a comedic way on television unflinchingly and uncompromisingly. He made fun of racism—not just white racism toward blacks, but also black racism toward whites and Asians, and even other blacks. It can be cynically concluded that Chappelle and Pryor (who did the same thing thirty years earlier in stand-up comedy) could get away with calling out black racism because they themselves were (are) black. Daniel Tosh proves that the race of the commentator is not the determining factor for this kind of statement.
The clip that spawned the recurring bit, “Is It Racist” was a video of an Asian toddler in a pool, held afloat by his or her head suspended in a plastic floating ring. Among many jokes, Tosh cracked, “Is it racist if I can’t tell if her eyes are open or not?” After a brief pause, he said indignantly, “I’m saying ‘Is it?’ Yes… yes, I’m being told by the audience that yes, it is racist.”
Jokes about racism regarding African Americans, Latinos, Asians, Jewish people, and even white people are all approached with a level of honesty and self-effacement that makes them engaging rather than mean. In a web redemption from this season, Tosh interviews a couple who’s wedding was ruined by a sandstorm. The groom was Mexican and the bride was white. Rather than shy away from racial comments when in the actual presence of a minority, Tosh addresses it head-on. Any menace in this line of questioning is deadened by the fact that Tosh is conducting the interview in a heart-shaped hot tub. He often uses the physical appearance of his own nearly-nude body to neutralize potentially heated or offensive confrontations. It also helps that during these interviews, he is unabashedly positive, which is unexpected given the bite of the rest of the show.
Context is key for Tosh’s approach to topics like race, sexuality, abortion, and religion. He is making jokes, yes. But his delivery and his appearance, as well as the jokes themselves, communicate an awareness of his own place in the larger issue underlying the comedic bit. In comparison, it is much harder to see positivity in the comments by viewers on Tosh.0 blog posts. Many comments come across as simply racist, rather than as addressing racism.
Below is the clip of the Asian “Neck Tube Baby” bit from Tosh.0. Not only is it an example of Tosh’s approach to race, it also includes the show’s characteristic reflexivity, acknowledging the production of the bit itself.
Daniel Tosh is Uplifting
I’ll be honest. For the first two seasons of Tosh.0, I changed the channel or left the room during the “Web Redemption” segment. I’ve never been a fan of cringe-inducing comedy, and the idea of taking someone’s most embarrassing moment, already broadcast to the entire internet, and making a seven-minute television segment based entirely on that moment, seemed too mean-spirited and too awkward for me to watch comfortably. My fears were unfounded.
Tosh brings the people in question to Los Angeles and interviews them to begin the segment. The interview includes the cracking of jokes, of course, but Tosh is truly laughing with the interviewee. The redemption part of the segment is typically cheesy. The person gets a second chance to complete whatever task when awry and got them internet famous for some sort of mistake. A girl gets a chance to walk down stairs in a prom dress without tripping. A guy gets a chance to park a Ford Mustang in a garage without running it through the wall. Typically, in these bits, Tosh is the main point of comedy—often employed through the use of a goofy costume such as the Pope outfit worn for the redemption of the married couple mentioned earlier. Most of the time, the person succeeds in their attempt to redeem themselves, even though that redemption is a little low in the area of a pay-off. They still have the internet embarrassment out there, though by now they’ve probably come to terms with it. Heck, they did agree to be on a show knowing full well that the embarrassing moment was the reason for their appearance.
In some cases, however, the person fails in their comedic-sketch attempt at redemption. Tosh uses this to aim the humor away from the person involved, however. An appearance by Ron Jeremy after a girl falls down the stairs in a prom dress for a second time becomes a joke about Ron Jeremy (Ron Jeremy is his own joke about himself). Dennis Rodman appears from nowhere to block a man’s attempted trick basketball shot. That was perhaps my favorite save. On returning to the set (these bits are shot on location and shown as clips during the hosted show), Tosh points out that for $5,000, you can have Dennis Rodman show up at your house and do whatever you want… for about five minutes, which mocks the show for paying that much for the cameo and Rodman for shilling himself out so shamelessly.
Daniel Tosh is Important
Daniel Tosh is not what I would consider an activist comedian. He’s not out to make some great social change in the world. He’s out to make people laugh and, if you believe his shtick, make a lot of money doing it. But performers don’t necessarily have to be performing ABOUT an issue to make a difference regarding an issue. It’s often a matter of bringing the conversation up. If that approach is comedic, the conversation is that much easier to start. Tosh’s approach is more high-brow than it may seem at first glance, and for that, we thank you.